AGM Transformation in Morocco: Charting New Frontiers with Legal Tech

Conducting an Annual General Meeting (AGM) is a critical aspect of corporate governance, ensuring compliance, transparency, and accountability. In Morocco, the legal framework for AGMs is defined by Dahir No. 1-96-124 of (14 Rabi II 1417), also known as Enacting Law No. 17-95. For businesses navigating these regulations, leveraging legal tech solutions can streamline the process, ensuring adherence to statutory requirements while enhancing efficiency.

Understanding the Legal Framework

Article 115 of Dahir No. 1-96-124 mandates that the AGM must be held within six months after the end of the fiscal year, typically by June 30th if the fiscal year ends on December 31st. This deadline ensures timely approval of the company’s accounts and maintains regulatory compliance. In cases where an extension is necessary, the board can request one from the president of the court, citing valid reasons such as unforeseen circumstances or the need for additional preparation time.

Article 116 designates the responsibility of convening the AGM to the board of directors or the management board. If these bodies fail to act, various entities, including statutory auditors, court representatives, liquidators, and majority shareholders, can step in to call the meeting.

Preparing for the AGM

Preparation involves several steps, beginning with the approval of the company’s financial statements. The agenda typically includes:

  • Approval of the financial statements.
  • Report on regulated agreements.
  • Proposal for profit allocation.
  • Discharge of directors and auditors.
  • Other relevant formalities.

To comply with Article 141, shareholders must be given access to essential documents at least fifteen days before the meeting. This includes financial statements, board reports, and auditor findings.

Conducting the AGM: Methods and Compliance

Physical Meetings: These are traditional gatherings where shareholders meet in person, ensuring the quorum and allowing direct interaction. Article 110 requires that shareholders present or represented hold the required quorum of shares with voting rights.

Virtual Meetings: With advancements in technology, virtual AGMs have become viable. Article 110 permits participation via videoconference or equivalent means, counting such participation towards the quorum.

Hybrid Meetings: Combining physical and virtual elements, hybrid meetings provide flexibility, allowing shareholders to choose their mode of participation.

Written Resolutions: For routine matters, decisions can be made via written resolutions, where shareholders vote in writing through mail or electronic means.

Post-AGM Procedures and Compliance

After the AGM, it’s crucial to ensure that all resolutions and changes are properly documented and filed. Article 158 stipulates that the financial statements must be filed with the court registry within 60 days of the AGM. This process can be facilitated by legal tech solutions, streamlining the submission and ensuring compliance with electronic filing regulations.

For changes in corporate structure or directorship, prompt action is necessary to notify relevant authorities and complete all legal publicity formalities. The effective date of these changes depends on their publication in the Official Gazette and the Official Bulletin.

Avoiding Legal Penalties

Non-compliance with AGM requirements can result in significant penalties. Articles 420 and 108 impose fines ranging from 10,000 to 50,000 dirhams for failing to submit required documents within the specified timeframes. Ensuring timely compliance is paramount to avoid these penalties and maintain smooth business operations.

Leveraging Legal Tech for AGM Management

Legal tech solutions can significantly enhance the efficiency and compliance of AGMs. These platforms offer features such as automated document management, electronic voting, and real-time compliance tracking. By utilizing such tools, companies can ensure that they meet all regulatory requirements seamlessly.

For instance, our article on 8 Features Your Legal Entity Management Software Should Have in 2024 delves into how our platform can assist in managing AGMs, providing a comprehensive overview of features that simplify the process from preparation to post-meeting documentation.


Conducting an AGM in Morocco requires a thorough understanding of the legal framework and meticulous preparation. By leveraging legal tech solutions, companies can streamline the process, ensuring compliance, transparency, and accountability. This approach not only meets regulatory requirements but also enhances overall corporate governance.

Delve into our suite of solutions designed to align with global compliance standards for deeper insights into how legal tech can revolutionize your corporate management practices. Utilize Klea’s expertise in AGMs to navigate vital gatherings, whether domestic or international. Our blog post, The Ultimate Handbook for AGMs in South Africa, provides tailored insights essential for understanding the intricacies of South Africa’s corporate governance landscape, covering legal requirements, shareholder engagement, governance standards, proxy voting, and technological integration. Leveraging these insights enriches governance efforts and cultivates shareholder trust.


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