AGM Compliance Made Easy in India: Your Simplified Guide

As a company operating in India, conducting your Annual General Meeting (AGM) efficiently is crucial for legal compliance and corporate governance. The AGM provides a platform for shareholders to engage with the company’s leadership, review financial performance, and make critical decisions. This guide will walk you through the key steps and considerations for conducting an AGM in India, ensuring a smooth process while adhering to the legal framework.

Understanding the Legal Mandates

Under Section 96 of the Companies Act 2013, all companies, except for One Person Companies (OPCs), must hold an AGM annually within six months of the financial year’s end, and no later than September 30th.

For newly incorporated companies, the first AGM can be held within nine months from the close of the first financial year, with no requirement to hold another AGM in the year of incorporation.

Subsequent AGMs must not exceed a fifteen-month gap between them. If an extension is necessary, the Registrar of Companies (RoC) can grant a maximum extension of three months for valid reasons.

Planning and Preparation

1. Initiating the Process

  • Board Meeting: Start with a board meeting, notifying all directors at least seven days in advance. This meeting is critical for setting the AGM date and agenda.
  • Passing Resolutions: During the board meeting, pass resolutions detailing any required extensions for the AGM timeframe, if applicable. Common reasons might include delays in finalizing financials or audits, or unforeseen events impacting operations.

2. Filing for Extensions

  • Form GNL-1: If an extension is needed, submit Form GNL-1 to the RoC, including the board resolution and supporting documents.
  • RoC Review: The RoC reviews the application, and if approved, issues an extension certificate.

Conducting the AGM

1. Notifying Stakeholders

  • Notice Period: Issue a 21-day notice to all members, directors, and auditors. The notice should detail the AGM’s date, time, venue (or virtual meeting details), and agenda.
  • Modes of Communication: Notices can be sent via speed post, registered post, or electronic means, and should also be published on the company’s website.

2. Meeting Methods

  • In-Person or Virtual: AGMs can be held in person or via video conferencing (VC) or other audio-visual means (OAVM), allowing remote participation.
  • Agenda Items: Typically, AGMs cover financial statements, director and auditor reports, dividend declarations, director appointments, and auditor remuneration.

Ensuring Compliance

1. Quorum and Voting

  • Quorum Requirements: Ensure the minimum quorum—two members for private companies, five to thirty members for public companies based on member count.
  • Voting: Resolutions can be ordinary or special, with voting conducted via physical ballots, postal ballots, or e-voting. Proxies can be appointed for voting on behalf of members.

2. Documentation and Reporting

  • Minutes: Prepare and sign minutes of the AGM within thirty days, documenting all proceedings and resolutions.
  • Filing Reports: Submit Form MGT-15 to the RoC within thirty days of the AGM, detailing the meeting proceedings and resolutions passed.

Handling Non-Compliance

Failure to hold an AGM within the stipulated timeframe or adhere to compliance requirements can lead to significant penalties. These include fines up to INR 1,000,000 for the company and individual directors, and potential intervention by the Tribunal to order an AGM.

Simplifying with Legal Tech Solutions

Using legal tech solutions can significantly streamline the AGM process. These platforms help automate notices, manage virtual meetings, ensure timely filing of necessary forms, and maintain comprehensive records, reducing the risk of non-compliance.


Conducting an AGM in India involves meticulous planning, adherence to legal mandates, and effective communication with stakeholders. By leveraging legal tech solutions, companies can ensure a seamless, compliant AGM process, fostering better corporate governance and shareholder engagement. Embrace these tools to simplify your corporate management and stay ahead in the compliance game.

Klea offers tailored legal tech solutions to streamline your Annual General Meetings (AGMs). Our platform centralizes AGM tasks, from agenda creation to attendee management and voting processes. Benefit from our legal expertise and personalized guidance to ensure compliance with local laws, whether at home or abroad. Access our blog post, AGM Triumph: Mastering Legal Expertise and Best Practices in Czechia, for valuable insights. Elevate your governance efforts with Klea for seamless and effective AGMs every time.


Discover more about the product

Join these companies

These Fortune 500 companies use Klea’s software and service to fast track their global entity management.