Make Your Finnish AGM Shine: Expert Advice

Annual General Meetings (AGMs) are a cornerstone of corporate governance, providing a platform for shareholders to engage with the company’s leadership, review financial performance and make key decisions. Conducting an AGM in Finland involves adhering to specific legal requirements and best practices to ensure compliance and effective shareholder participation. This guide outlines the essential steps and considerations for successfully conducting an AGM in Finland.

Why Annual General Meetings Matter

AGMs are crucial for maintaining transparency, accountability, and trust between a company and its shareholders. They offer a structured opportunity to discuss the company’s performance, future strategies, and major decisions. Key agenda items typically include the adoption of financial statements, the use of profits, and the election of board members and auditors.

Key Legal Requirements for AGMs in Finland

1. Timing and Notice:

•AGMs must be held within six months of the end of the financial period.

•Notices for the AGM must be sent out no earlier than two months and no later than one week before the meeting date. In public companies, the notice period can extend to three months.

2. Convening the Meeting:

•The board of directors usually convenes the AGM. However, the articles of association may allow the supervisory board to convene the meeting.

•If the board fails to convene the meeting as required, the regional state administrative agency can authorize an applicant (e.g., a shareholder or auditor) to do so at the company’s expense.

3. Participation and Voting:

•Shareholders may participate in person, by proxy, or via telecommunications if allowed by the articles of association.

•Voting can be by majority or qualified majority, depending on the nature of the decision. Routine matters generally require a simple majority, while significant corporate actions may need a two-thirds majority.

Preparing for the AGM

1. Agenda Setting:

•The agenda should include essential items such as the adoption of financial statements, profit distribution, board member elections, and auditor appointments.

•Shareholders can request additional items to be included on the agenda, provided they notify the board in advance.

2. Document Distribution:

•Financial statements, the management report, and the auditor’s report must be available to shareholders at least one week before the AGM. These documents should also be accessible at the meeting venue.

3. Proxy Voting:

•Shareholders can appoint proxies to vote on their behalf. Proxy documents must be dated and submitted with reliable evidence of the right to represent.

Conducting the Meeting

1. Opening and Quorum:

•The chairperson ensures the meeting is properly convened and that a quorum is present. The quorum requirements are usually specified in the articles of association.

2. Discussion and Voting:

•Shareholders discuss each agenda item, followed by voting. Decisions are recorded in the minutes, indicating the number of votes for and against each resolution.

3. Minutes and Documentation:

•The minutes of the meeting, signed by the chairperson and a scrutinizer, must be kept available to shareholders within two weeks. These minutes should include voting results and be archived securely.

Post-AGM Actions

1. Filing Requirements:

•Financial statements and the management report must be filed with the Commercial Register (PATENTTI-JA REKISTERIHALLITUS or PRH) within two months of adoption.

•Any corporate changes decided at the AGM take effect upon filing with the registration authority.

2. Follow-Up:

•Ensure all decisions made at the AGM are implemented and communicated to relevant stakeholders.

•Prepare for any continuation meetings if required by shareholder requests or unresolved issues.

Best Practices for a Successful AGM

1. Early Preparation:

•Start planning well in advance to ensure all legal requirements are met and that shareholders are adequately informed and prepared.

2. Clear Communication:

•Provide clear and concise information to shareholders about the meeting agenda, documents, and participation methods.

3. Efficient Meeting Management:

•Keep the meeting focused and on schedule, ensuring all agenda items are covered and allowing time for shareholder questions and discussions.


Conducting an AGM in Finland involves careful planning, adherence to legal requirements, and effective communication with shareholders. By following the steps outlined in this guide, companies can ensure their AGMs are compliant, productive, and beneficial for both the organization and its shareholders.

Interestingly, many of these best practices and legal frameworks for AGMs in Finland closely mirror those in neighbouring Sweden. Both countries emphasise transparency, shareholder engagement, and rigorous documentation to maintain high standards of corporate governance. By understanding and applying these principles, companies operating in the Nordic region can seamlessly navigate their AGM requirements, fostering greater trust and accountability within their shareholder communities.

For companies looking to streamline their corporate governance processes, leveraging legal tech solutions can significantly enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of AGMs. These tools can automate administrative tasks, facilitate secure document sharing, and support virtual participation, making it easier to manage compliance and shareholder engagement in a globalized business environment. Whether in Finland or Sweden, adopting these modern solutions can help ensure AGMs are conducted smoothly and successfully.

For further knowledge, utilize Klea’s extensive experience in Annual General Meetings (AGMs) to master the complexities of these essential gatherings, both locally and globally. Check out our detailed checklists, beginning with AGM in Sweden: Secure Your Triumph with Our Unique Last-Minute Checklist for tailored guidance. We are confident that these resources will significantly boost your governance efforts.


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